Brave new world essays conditioning

Bernard is primarily upset because he is too small and weak for his caste; Helmholtz is unhappy because he is too intelligent for his job writing hypnopaedic phrases.


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In the next few days, Bernard asks his superior, the Director, for permission to visit the Reservation. The Director launches into a story about a visit to the Reservation he had made with a woman twenty years earlier, in which, during a storm, the woman was lost and never recovered. Finally, he gives Bernard the permit, and Bernard and Lenina depart for the Reservation.

Bernard is angry and distraught, but decides to head into the Reservation anyway. On the Reservation, Lenina and Bernard are shocked to see its aged and ill residents; no one in the World State has any visible signs of aging.

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They witness a religious ritual in which a young man is whipped, and are disgusted. After the ritual they meet John, a fair-skinned young man who is isolated from the rest of the village. John tells Bernard about his childhood as the son of a woman named Linda who was rescued by the villagers some twenty years ago, and Bernard realizes that Linda is the woman mentioned by the Director. Talking to John, he learns that Linda was ostracized because of her willingness to sleep with all the men in the village, and that as a result John was raised in isolation from the rest of the village. John explains that he learned to read using two books, one called The Chemical and Bacteriological Conditioning of the Embryo, and the other titled The Complete Works of Shakespeare, the latter given to Linda by one of her lovers, Pope.

Bernard invites him to return to the World State with him. John agrees but insists that Linda be allowed to come as well.

While Lenina, disgusted with the Reservation, takes enough soma to knock her out for eighteen hours, Bernard flies to Santa Fe where he calls Mustapha Mond and receives permission to bring John and Linda back to the World State. Meanwhile, John breaks into the house where Lenina is lying intoxicated and unconscious, and barely suppresses his desire to touch her.

Bernard, Lenina, John, and Linda fly to the World State, where the Director is waiting to exile Bernard in front of his Alpha coworkers, but before he can, Bernard turns the tables by introducing John and Linda. John becomes a hit with London society because of his strange life led on the Reservation. But while touring the factories and schools of the World State, John becomes increasingly disturbed by the society that he sees. His sexual attraction to Lenina remains, but he desires more than simple lust, and he finds himself terribly confused.

In the process, he also confuses Lenina, who wonders why John does not wish to have sex with her. After Bernard introduces them, John and Helmholtz quickly take to each other. John reads Helmholtz parts of Romeo and Juliet, but Helmholtz cannot keep himself from laughing at a serious passage about love, marriage, and parentsideas that are ridiculous and obscene in World State culture.

But John responds to her advances with curses, blows, and lines from Shakespeare. She retreats to the bathroom while he fields a phone call in which he learns that Linda, who has been on permanent soma-holiday since her return, is about to die.

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The boys are simply curious, but John becomes enraged. After Linda dies, John meets a group of Delta clones who are receiving their soma ration.

He tries to convince them to revolt, throwing the soma out the window, and a riot results. After the riot is calmed by police with soma vapor, John, Helmholtz, and Bernard are arrested and brought to the office of Mustapha Mond. Mond explains that social stability has required the sacrifice of art, science, and religion.

John protests that, without these things, human life is not worth living.

The Advancement Of Science In Brave New World - free essay example | EDULEARN14

Bernard reacts wildly when Mond says that he and Helmholtz will be exiled to distant islands, and he is carried from the room. Helmholtz accepts the exile readily, thinking it will give him a chance to write, and soon follows Bernard out of the room. Overpopulation would lead to economic insecurity and social unrest. The ovaries from females are surgically removed, kept alive in incubators, inspected for abnormalities and after that, artificially fertilized in glass boxes.

In this process ninety-six identical embryos with the same genetic structure are produced, which we would call cloning nowadays. The genetic structure of the DNA is furthermore manipulated by adding alcohol, chemical additives or by depriving the embryos of oxygen, in order to determine the basic inherited characteristics of life.

The Delta and Epsilon embryos, for example, are made nearly stupid by adding a high amount of alcohol to their blood surrogate, which causes brain damage. Not only the intellectual capacity of an individual is influenced by genetic engineering, but also the outward appearance. Hence, the lower castes in society are smaller and apelike. It becomes clear that human beings in this world are biologically conditioned to have certain capacities in order to fulfil their prescribed functions in society.

Community is formed by the production of identical clones later - on each caste in the hierarchy will wear identical clothes, by which a feeling of togetherness and identification is created. Stability can be kept, because behaviour, skills and the grade of intelligence are conditioned and simultaneously predictable. The mind that judges and desires and decides — made up of these suggestions. But all theses suggestions are our suggestions! London: Triad Grafton Books, , p.

James Dacre: are we living Brave New World's nightmare future?

BLTC research, F C Franziska Caesar Author. Add to cart. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Conclusion Bibliography 1. London: Vintage, , p.